Whether general assemblies of clubs or associations, legislative assemblies (state parliaments) in politics or shareholders’ meetings in the realm of economy: each democratic organization or institution conducts voting procedures at regular intervals, in order to arrive at decisions and to adopt resolutions. The methods of conducting the voting differ according to the respective by-laws, statutes, constitutions or standing orders. Common methods are the submission of "yes", "no" or "abstain" voting cards as well as alternative voting.
Voting can be conducted openly or secretly. Depending upon the voting method employed, the passing of a resolution may require a relative, simple, absolute, qualified or unanimous majority. The greater the number of eligible voters and/or the greater the differentiation in the distribution of the voting shares, all the more necessary is the machine-supported automatic counting of the votes. Above all, when a multitude of different votes must be evaluated or when the outcome of the voting is needed immediately as the basis for further decision-making, fast, reliable and in some cases detailed results must be available.
Optical mark readers (OMR) and high-performance scanners evaluate great volumes of voting cards in extremely short times. As an option, they can test the voting cards for plausibility, verify them and by means of integrated barcode printing, assign each vote counted to the corresponding card so that the results can be validated if necessary.